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Friday, October 10, 2014

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

I learned that MITIGATION is about avoiding, reducing or, at least, delaying climate change mainly by reducing greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere while ADAPTATION is necessary for responding to climate change that is already unavoidable because of past greenhouse gas emissions (there is considerable time lag before an emission contributes to global warming). Therefore, they are both complementary aspects of a coherent climate change strategy. Both call for lifestyle change. Both have to be factored into sustainable development plans.

To reduce greenhouse gas emissions, here are some activities that can help:
-Decreasing emissions released from burning fossil fuels by power stations, factories, buildings, motor vehicles and airplanes
-Reducing deforestation
-Using alternatives to fertilizers that release greenhouse gases
-Capturing greenhouse gases released from garbage and human waste
-Reducing meat eating in that cattle and farm animals emit methane
While here are some strategies for Adaptation:
-Taking steps in advance to prevent losses
-Taking steps to reduce losses
-Spreading or sharing losses
-Changing the way an activity is done
-Changing the site of an activity
-Restoring a site with fit-for-purpose protection
“Agriculture is highly sensitive to climate variability and weather extremes such as drought, floods and storms.” There are many impacts in agriculture that can be caused by climate change. Some are increase in incidence of diseases in animals and crops; availability of food could decline; rise of prices; employment opportunities may become less; and more people could face hunger and starvation. It can also have bad effects in human health like increase in malnutrition, mixed effects on malaria, and increase number of people at risk with dengue. Another is high number of occurrence of different calamities.
Adaptation is necessary to address impacts resulting from the warming which is already unavoidable. Adaptation is occurring now to observed and projected future climate change. But more extensive adaptation is required to reduce vulnerability to future climate change. Adaptation means pro-active planning for a range of possible future scenarios
I watched a PowerPoint presentation about “Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation.”
I participated in the online discussion by expressing thoughts and ideas about our Earth in my blog and by sharing what I learned on the video presentation that I watched.

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